Collaboration occurs when two or more people or organizations work together to realize or achieve a goal.
Collaboration is very similar to cooperation. Most collaboration requires leadership, although the form of leadership can be social within a decentralized and egalitarian group. Teams that work collaboratively can obtain greater resources, recognition and reward when facing competition for finite resources.
Structured methods of collaboration encourage introspection of behavior and communication. These various methods specifically aim to increase the success of teams as they engage in collaborative problem solving.
Collaboration is also present in opposing goals exhibiting the notion of adversarial collaboration, though this is not a common case for using the word